Last revision: 2018.10.24The 31th Conference on the Taiwan Social Change Survey(2018.11.02)
|Topic：||Social Capital or Social Cost? --- Accessed Status, Tie Strength, and Depression in the U.S., Urban China, and Taiwan|
|Speaker：||Lijun Song Associate Professor (Department of Sociology and the Center for Medicine, Health, and Society, Vanderbilt University)|
|Time：||October 30, 2018（Tuesday）10:30 AM - 12:00 PM|
|Location：||8F, Room802, Institute of Sociology|
Does accessed status (i.e., network members’ status) interact with tie strength to protect or hurt across culture and society? Focusing on health, this study develops a theoretical framework with three sets of competing hypotheses from seven theories: social capital theory versus social cost theory on the direct double-edged role of accessed status for health; the social capital enhancement argument versus the social cost enhancement argument on the double-edged moderating role of tie strength; and three institutional explanations—relational dependence, relational cost, and inequality structure—on the variations of those two double-edged roles across societies. Using nationally representative data simultaneously collected from three societies: the United States, urban China, and Taiwan, this study measures depression, seven indicators of accessed status on the occupational dimension, and two indicators of tie strength. Results are more consistent with the relational cost explanation and the inequality structure explanation. Social capital theory is supported in the United States and less so in Taiwan, while social cost theory in urban China. The social capital enhancement argument is confirmed in Taiwan and the social cost enhancement argument in the United States and urban China.
Lijun Song is an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology and the Center for Medicine, Health, and Society at Vanderbilt University with secondary appointment in the Asian Studies Program. Her scholarly work connects and contributes to four major specialty areas: social networks, medical sociology and mental health, social stratification (gender, race/ethnicity, and SES/class), and comparative historical sociology. It also extends the literature on marriage and family, education, work and occupations, social psychology, aging and life course, body, media, and environment. She investigates three major research themes: how social networks produce inequalities in health and well-being, how social networks generate social stratification, and how social forces stratify social networks. The network-based concepts she analyzes include accessed status (network members’ status), social capital, social cost, social support, social integration, reference group, social comparison, social cohesion, and tie strength. The social stratifiers she studies include age, gender, race/ethnicity, SES, and class. The major well-being outcomes she examines include health, mental health, health information search, life satisfaction, lifestyle, body weight, genetic privacy, and environmental concerns. Her web page is:
|Speaker：||Research Fellow Chang, Chin-fen (張晉芬) (IOS, Academia Sinica)|
|Time：||November 23, 2018（Friday）2:30 PM - 4:30 PM|
|Location：||8F, Room802, Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica (Humanities and Social Sciences Building)|
工作場所性騷擾的發生並非隨機或偶然的，而既是反映性別歧視，也代表著權力關係的不平等。Wilson and Thompson（2001）針對組織內關於性騷擾事件的運作提出三個權力運作面向，包括加害者為有權力者、管理階層偏袒加害人、及受害者在敵意工作環境下自我退縮等。本文利用量化分析方法檢驗性騷擾事件的處理和結果是否可被這些面向解釋。資料來源是2014年在三家醫院蒐集的問卷普查資料，研究對象為女性護理人員。多變項迴歸分析的結果顯示，護理人員指認性騷擾的來源主要是病患及其家屬，其次是醫師或主管。主管較基層護理人員更可能指認性騷擾的發生，尤其是來自病患和家屬的騷擾。公立醫院內的性騷擾事件循正式管道解決的機率顯著低於私立醫院。當加害人是醫師或主管時，性騷擾受害人離職的機率較高。綜合分析結果，組織內性騷擾的處理確實不能排除權力的運作，例如性騷擾事件被正式處理的機率低、而私下和解及受害人離職的機率高。文章的結論指出，法令規定和工作場所性騷擾的書面宣示不足以根除權力的運作和敵意的工作環境；組織必須採取積極處理的態度，避免高階層的權力干擾，才能讓職場免於性騷擾的威脅和真實發生。
「Economic inequality and determinants of earnings in Taiwan in the 2008 Recession」(Development And Society 2017).