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鄭雁馨 (Cheng, Yen-Hsin Alice)
Tel: 886 2 2652-5154
Fax: 886 2 2652-5050
Office: Room 1024
aliceyh@gate.sinica.edu.tw



My research interests are family demography, adolescent development, and life course research. My recent research projects focus on three broad topics: (1) contemporary family transitions in Taiwan and low fertility issues in developed societies; (2) demographic research on disadvantaged groups in Taiwan; (3) shifting public opinions about homosexuality and same-sex marriage in Taiwan and in comparative perspectives.

(1) Contemporary family transitions and low fertility issues
My past research experiences at the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research have paved the way of studying contemporary low fertility phenomenon observed in many developed societies. A recent collaborative study with my colleagues indicates that many low-fertility countries have shown signs of reversal when cohort fertility measures are analyzed (Myrskylä, Goldstein & Cheng 2013). We developed a simple new method to forecast cohort fertility levels, which shows that life time fertility in many societies are not as pessimistic as those revealed by period fertility measures.

As for family changes in Taiwan, recent studies show that the educational gradients in marriage have reversed from negative to positive for women from 2000 to 2010 (Cheng 2014). Less educated women are not only marrying less than their better educated counterparts, they also tend to marry later. Although the percentage married among less educated women are still higher than the better educated in the 2010 vital statistics data, such a trend could reverse if the positive educational gradient in marriage persist for an extended period of time. Additionally, a lack of reliable data has hampered further investigations on how much foregone marriages are replaced by cohabitation.

My recent research also indicates how educational gradients in divorce have also reversed from positive to negative in the 1980s for women and in the 1990s for men (Cheng 2016). The negative gradient in divorce expanded after the millennium, particularly among men. In other words, the dramatic increase in divorce rates over the past few decades has been driven mostly by the heighted divorce risk among the less educated. Many of these dissolved unions involve spouses who were unemployed due to economic restructuring or are cross-border marriages with foreign brides that tend to be more brittle.

(2) Demographic research on disadvantaged groups in Taiwan
I also pay attention to population subgroups such as children from single-parent families or those from economically disadvantaged families. Rising divorce risk has caused many disrupted families, particularly the increase in low SES single-father families. Children residing with less-educated single-fathers tend to receive less parental care than those with better-educated single-fathers or children with single-mothers (Cheng and Wu 2016). In another study, economically disadvantaged youths were found to be less likely to enter elite university or graduate programs, particularly among the cohorts who went through the 2001 education reforms (Cheng 2013).

(3) Shifting public opinions about homosexuality
For the public debate on marriage equality, my latest study showed that public opinions toward homosexuality have become more tolerant since 1995 in Taiwan. The speed of rising tolerance in Taiwan is the fastest among its neighboring countries. The main driver of such an attitudinal shift is cohort replacement and partly due to intra-cohort change. In addition, women, young people, the better educated and those with non-Christian beliefs are also more tolerant than their counterparts (Cheng, Wu, & Adamczyk 2016). We anticipate further acceptance of homosexuality to be realized in the foreseeable future. In another research that compares 47 countries, Confucian societies were found to be less accepting of homosexuality, when economic development and other covariates are considered. Our analyses indicate that the cultural belief of continuing the family lineage explains a third of such a Confucian effect (Adamczyk & Cheng 2015). Cultural heritage poses an extra hurdle for further progress toward a more LGBT-friendly society.

Publications

Journal Articles

Elke Loichinger, Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2018, “Feminising the Workforce in Ageing East Asia? The Potential of Skilled Female Labour in Four Advanced Economies”, Journal of Population Research, 35(2), 187-215. (Scopus, EBSCO)(Full Text)
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2017, “Ethnic Variations in Characteristics of First Unions among Asian American Young Adults”, Euramerica (歐美研究), 47(2), 177-214. (TSSCI, THCI)(Full Text, 中文摘譯)
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng and Elke Loichinger, 2017, “The Future Labor Force of an Aging Taiwan: The importance of education and female labor supply”, POPULATION RESEARCH AND POLICY REVIEW, 36(3), 441-466. (SSCI) (IF: 1.211; SSCI ranking: 50%)(Full Text, 中文摘譯)
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2017, “Longer Exposure to Obesity, Slimmer Chance of College? Body Weight Trajectories, Non-cognitive Skills, and College Completion”, YOUTH & SOCIETY, 49(2), 203–227. (SSCI) (IF: 2.13; SSCI ranking: 20%,19%,13.3%)(Full Text, 中文摘譯)
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, Fen-Chieh Felice Wu, and Amy Adamczyk, 2016, “Changing Attitudes toward Homosexuality in Taiwan, 1995-2012”, Chinese Sociological Review, 48(4), 317-349. (SSCI) (IF: 1.476; SSCI ranking: 29.4%)(Full Text, 中文摘譯)
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2016, “More Education, Fewer Divorces? Shifting Education Differentials of Divorce in Taiwan from 1975 to 2010”, Demographic Research, 34: 927-942. (SSCI) (IF: 1.32; SSCI ranking: 46.2%)(Full Text, 中文摘譯)
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng and Fen-Chieh Felice Wu, 2016, “Going It Alone and Adrift: The Socioeconomic Profile and Parental Involvement of Single-Father and Single-Mother Families in Post-Industrial Taiwan”, Journal of Population Research, 33, 147-172. (SCOPUS, EBSCO)(Full Text, 中文摘譯)
Amy Adamczyk and Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2015, “Explaining Attitudes about Homosexuality in Confucian and non-Confucian Nations: Is there a 'Cultural' Influence?”, Social Science Research, 51, 276-289. (SSCI) (IF: 1.766; SSCI ranking: 25.9%)(Full Text, 中文摘譯)
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2014, “Changing Partner Choice and Marriage Propensities by Education in Post-industrial Taiwan, 2000-2010”, Demographic Research, 31: 1007-1042. (SSCI) (IF: 1.478; SSCI ranking: 35.7%)(Full Text, 中文摘譯)
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2013, “The Role of Non-cognitive Traits in Higher Education Achievement among Economically Disadvantaged Taiwanese Youths”, Journal of Social Sciences and Philosophy (人文及社會科學集刊), 25(4), 735-764. (TSSCI)(Full Text, 中文摘譯)
Mikko Myrskyla, Joshua Goldstein and Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2013, “New Cohort Fertility Forecasts for the Developed World: Rises, Falls, and Reversals”, POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT REVIEW, 39(1): 31-56. (SSCI) (IF: 3.547; SSCI ranking: 4.1%,3.6%)(Full Text, 中文摘譯)
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng and Nancy S. Landale, 2011, “Adolescent Overweight, Social Relationships, and the Transition to First Sex: Gender and Racial Variations”, PERSPECTIVES ON SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH, 43(1), 6-15. (SSCI) (IF: 2.45; SSCI ranking: 10.7%,15.2%)(Full Text, 中文摘譯)
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng and Nancy S. Landale, 2011, “Adolescent Precursors of Early Union Formation among Asian American and White Young Adults”, JOURNAL OF FAMILY ISSUES, 32(2), 209-236. (SSCI) (IF: 1.489; SSCI ranking: 54.3%)(Full Text, 中文摘譯)
Marni L. Kan, Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, Nancy S. Landale, and Susan M. McHale, 2010, “Longitudinal Predictors of Change in Number of Sexual Partners across Adolescence and Early Adulthood”, JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENT HEALTH, 46(1), 25-31. (SCI, SSCI) (IF: 4.098; SCI ranking: 4%,13.3%; SSCI ranking: 5.1%,9.6%)(Full Text, 中文摘譯)
Robert Schoen, Nancy S. Landale, Kimberly Daniels, and Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2009, “Social Background Differences in Early Family Behavior”, JOURNAL OF MARRIAGE AND FAMILY, 71(2), 384-395. (SSCI) (IF: 2.802; SSCI ranking: 8.2%,10.9%)(Full Text, 中文摘譯)
Robert Schoen and Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2006, “Partner Choice and the Differential Retreat of Marriage”, JOURNAL OF MARRIAGE AND FAMILY, 68(1), 1-10. (SSCI) (IF: 2.802; SSCI ranking: 8.2%,10.9%)(Full Text, 中文摘譯)

Book Chapters

鄭雁馨,2017,〈少而精的勞動力:老化社會人口教育結構的重要性〉,李宗榮、林宗弘編,《未竟的奇蹟:轉型中的台灣經濟與社會》,頁189-223,台北:中央研究院社會學研究所。

Conference Papers

Yen-hsin Alice Cheng and Chen-Hao Hsu, 2019, “No More Babies without Help? Spousal Division of Labor and Fertility Intentions in Taiwan”, paper presented at The International Conference for the Effectiveness of Family Policies on Fertility: Policy Implication for Low Fertility in Korea, OECD Headquarters, Paris, France: INED and KIHASA, 2019-01-15.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng,2018,〈Fertility transition in Taiwan: Convergence or divergence of sex and educational differentials?〉,發表於The 4th Asian Population Association Conference,Shanghai, China:the Asian Population Association,2018-07-11 ~ 2018-07-14。
Albert Esteve, Joan Garcia Roman, Ridhi Kashyap, Fukuda Setsuya, Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, Wanli Nie, and Hyun Ok Lee,2018,〈The Implications of Demographic Change for Asian Marriage Markets, 2000–2050〉,發表於The 4th Asian Population Association Conference,Shanghai, China:the Asian Population Association,2018-07-11 ~ 2018-07-14。
Martin Kolk and Yen-hsin Alice Cheng,2018,〈Sex Composition and Parity Progression in Sweden and Taiwan: Evidence of changing gender preferences over 200 Years〉,發表於2018 European Population Conference,Brussels, Belgium:The European Assocation of Population Studies,2018-06-06 ~ 2018-06-09。
Martin Kolk and Yen-hsin Alice Cheng,2018,〈Sex Composition and Parity Progression in Sweden and Taiwan: Evidence of Changing Gender Preferences From 200 Years of Micro Level Fertility Histories〉,發表於the 2018 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America,Denver, CO:The Population Association of America,2018-04-26 ~ 2018-04-28。
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng and Thung-Hong Lin, 2017, “Female Empowerment Matters: A Global Study of the Legalization of Same-Sex Unions”, paper presented at 2017 International Populatin Conference, Cape Town, South Africa: International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, 2017-10-29 ~ 2017-11-04.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2017, “Long-Term Educational and Sex Differences in Period and Cohort Fertility Patterns in Taiwan”, paper presented at 2017 International Populatin Conference, Cape Town, South Africa: International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, 2017-10-29 ~ 2017-11-04.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng,2017,〈台灣婚姻年齡配對趨勢的變遷:1976-2015〉,發表於變遷中的青年發展與華人家庭樣貌學術研討會,台北:中央研究院民族學研究所,2017-09-14 ~ 2017-09-15。 (Social Change and Age Heterogamy: Shifting spousal age preferences in Taiwan, 1976-2015)
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng,2017,〈Peer Influence, Personality Traits, and Future Aspirations among College Graduates: Evidence from Facebook and survey data〉,發表於2017 Sunbelt Conference,Beijing, China:INSNA,2017-05-30 ~ 2017-06-04。
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2017, “Spousal Characteristics and Divorce Risk: Gender and family changes in contemporary Taiwan, 1998-2013”, paper presented at 2017 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Chicago, IL: Population Association of America, 2017-04-27 ~ 2017-04-29.
Albert Esteve, Joan Garcia Roman, Ridhi Kashyap, Fukuda Setsuya, Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, Wanli Nie, and Hyun Ok Lee, 2017, “The Implications of Demographic Change for Asian Marriage Markets, 2000–2050”, paper presented at 2017 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Chicago, IL: Population Association of America, 2017-04-27 ~ 2017-04-29.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng and Chih-lan Winnie Yang, 2016, “Continuity and Changes in Attitudes toward Marriage in Taiwan, 1985-2015”, paper presented at Taiwan Social Change Survey 30th Anniversary Meeting, Taipei, Taiwan: Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, 2016-11-03 ~ 2016-11-04.
Elke Loichinger and Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2016, “Female Labor Supply in Aging East Asia: Past, Present, and Future Prospects in Four Advanced Economies”, paper presented at 2016 European Populatin Conference, Mainz, Germany: European Association of Population Studies, 2016-09-01 ~ 2016-09-03.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2016, “Spousal Characteristics and Divorce Risk: Gender and family changes in contemporary Taiwan, 1998-2013”, paper presented at 2016 European Populatin Conference, Mainz, Germany: European Association of Population Studies, 2016-09-01 ~ 2016-09-03.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng and Elke Loichinger, 2015, “Women’s Labor Potential in an Aging Taiwan: Population and labor force projections by education up to 2050”, paper presented at The 3rd APA Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: the Asian Population Association, 2015-07-27 ~ 2015-07-30.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2015, “Social Change and Age Hypergamy: The shift in spousal age preferences in Taiwan, 1976-2012”, paper presented at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, San Diego, USA: the Population Association of America, 2015-04-30 ~ 2015-05-02.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng and Elke Loichinger, 2015, “Women’s Labor Potential in an Aging Taiwan: Population and labor force projections by education up to 2050”, paper presented at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, San Diego, USA: the Population Association of America, 2015-04-30 ~ 2015-05-02.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, Amy Adamczyk, Fen-Chieh Felice Wu, 2014, “Changing Attitudes toward Homosexuality and Same-sex Marriage in Taiwan, 1984-2012”, paper presented at Symposium of Family Research in Taiwan: Retrospect and Prospect, Taipei, Taiwan: Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, 2014-07-11.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2014, “Changing Marriage Differentials by Age and Education in Taiwan, 1980-2010”, paper presented at 2014 European Population Conference, Budapest, Hungary: European Association of Population Studies, 2014-06-25 ~ 2014-06-28.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2014, “Changing Education Gap in Divorce Risk in Taiwan: Findings from period and cohort data”, paper presented at 2014 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Boston, Massachusetts, USA: Population Association of America, 2014-05-01 ~ 2014-05-03.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2014, “Changing Partner Choice and Marriage Propensities by Education in Taiwan, 2000-2010”, paper presented at 2014 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Boston, Massachusetts, USA: Population Association of America, 2014-05-01 ~ 2014-05-03.
Amy Adamczyk and Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2014, “Unraveling the Factors that Shape Tolerance for Homosexuality: A Focus on Differences between Asian and non-Asian Societies”, paper presented at 2014 Annual Meeting of the Eastern Sociological Society, Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Eastern Sociological Society, 2014-02-20 ~ 2014-02-23.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2013, “Adolescent Obesity and First Union Outcomes in Young Adulthood: Does dating experience tell the story?”, paper presented at 2013 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, New Orleans, LA: Population Association of America, 2013-04-11 ~ 2013-04-13.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2012, “Differential Patterns and Causes of Retreat from Marriage in an Era of Dramatic Family Change: Taiwan after the Millennium”, paper presented at 2012 European Population Conference, Stockholm, Sweden: The European Association for Population Studies, 2012-06-13 ~ 2012-06-16.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2012, “Body Weight Trajectories and College Completion: The role of non-cognitive traits as sources of resilience”, paper presented at 2012 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, San Francisco, CA, USA: The Population Association of America, 2012-05-02 ~ 2012-05-06.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2012, “Ethnic Variations in First Union Characteristics among Asian American Young Adults”, paper presented at 2012 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, San Francisco, CA, USA: The Population Association of America, 2012-05-02 ~ 2012-05-06.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2012, “Non-cognitive Traits and Educational Achievement among Economically Disadvantaged Taiwanese Youths”, paper presented at The First World Congress of Taiwan Studies, Taipei, Taiwan: Academia Sinica, 2012-04-26 ~ 2012-04-28.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2012, “A Flight from Marriage? Gender and Educational Differentials in Patterns of Declining First Marriage Rates in Taiwan”, paper presented at 2012 Alpine Population Conference, La Thuile, Italy: Carlo F. Dondena Centre for Social Dynamics (Bocconi University, Italy) and the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, 2012-01-15 ~ 2012-01-18.
Myrskylä, Mikko, Joshua R. Goldstein, and Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2011, “Cohort Fertility Trends Reversing across the Developed World”, paper presented at The First Human Fertility Database Symposium: Period and cohort fertility dynamics in the developed world, Rostock, Germany: Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, 2011-11-03 ~ 2011-11-04.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2011, “Social Antecedents and Union Outcomes of Adolescent Intimate Relationship Trajectory: A focus on overweight youth’s development”, 33 pages, paper presented at The International Symposium on Longevity, Health, and Society, Taipei, Taiwan: 中央研究院社會學研究所: 中國醫藥大學、中央研究院社會學研究所、國立成功大學老年學研究所、台灣健康與社會學社, 2011-06-24 ~ 2011-06-25.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2011, “Social Antecedents and Union Outcomes of Adolescent Intimate Relationship Trajectory: A focus on overweight youth’s development”, paper presented at 2011 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Washington D.C., USA: Population Association of America, 2011-03-30 ~ 2011-04-02.
Kathryn Grace, Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, and Joshua R. Goldstein, 2010, “The Susceptibility of Fertility Measures to Sampling Errors”, paper presented at European Population Conference, Vienna, Austria: European Association of Population Studies, 2010-09-01 ~ 2010-09-04.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng and Joshua R. Goldstein, 2010, “The Future of Completed Cohort Fertility in Low Fertility Countries: A Comparison of Forecasting Methods”, paper presented at 2010 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Dallas, Texas, USA: Population Association of America, 2010-04-15 ~ 2010-04-17.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2009, “Continuity and Changes in Socioeconomic Characteristics of Childless women in Europe”, paper presented at The Education and Demography conference, Vienna, Austria: Vienna Institute of Demography, 2009-11-30 ~ 2009-12-01.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2009, “Weight Status and Sexual Development from Adolescence to Young Adulthood”, paper presented at 2009 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Detroit, MI, USA: Population Association of America, 2009-04-30 ~ 2009-05-02.
Marni L. Kan, Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, Nancy S. Landale, and Susan M. McHale, 2008, “Individual and Contextual Predictors of Trajectories of Adolescent Sexual Risk”, paper presented at 2008 Society for Research on Adolescence Biennial Meeting, Chicago, IL, USA: Research on Adolescence, 2008-03-06 ~ 2008-03-09.
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2006, “Teenagers' Smoking Trajectories from Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood”, paper presented at 2006 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles, CA, USA: Population Association of America, 2006-03-30 ~ 2006-04-01.

Research Project Reports

Yen-hsin Alice Cheng,2014,《Adolescent Body Weight Trajectories and Socioeconomic and Psychological Outcomes in Adulthood: The role of non-cognitive traits and interpersonal relationships as sources of resilience》,科技部委託。

Others

鄭雁馨,2019,〈關於女性生育的二三事:高教﹑遲育與外配〉,《巷仔口社會學(網站)》。(全文)
鄭雁馨、許宸豪,2019,〈台灣超低生育率的迷思與現實〉,《巷仔口社會學(網站)》。(全文)
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2017, “A long-awaited milestone for Asia: What does Taiwan’s ruling on same-sex marriage mean for the region?”, Policy Forum. (Full Text)
Yen-hsin Alice Cheng, 2016, “Better Education has Become a Stabilizer of Marriages in Taiwan”, N-IUSSP. (Full Text)
顏維婷、鄭雁馨, 2016, “ 台灣真的對同志越來越友善嗎?”, 菜市場政治學(網站), 2016-06-27. (Full Text)
鄭雁馨, 2015, “家庭行為的社會不平等:台灣社會的新挑戰”, 中央研究院週報. (Full Text)

Education
PhD in Sociology and Demography, The Pennsylvania State University, USA
Current Positions
Associate Professor/Research Fellow (2017.09 - present)
Professional Experiences
Assistant Professor/Research Fellow (2010.11 - 2017.09)
Post-doctoral Fellow at the Max Planck Institute For Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany (2008.09 - 2010.10)
Visiting Scholar at L'Institute National d’Études Démographiques (INED), Paris, France. (2018.09 - 2019.08)
Recent Research Projects
Population and Labor Force Projections with Education up to 2050: Taiwan and its aging neighbors (2016-2018)
Socioeconomic Differentials in Family Behaviors in Post-industrialized Taiwan (2013-2015)
Adolescent Body Weight Trajectories and Socioeconomic Outcomes in Adulthood: The role of non-cognitive traits as a source of resilience (2011-2013)
Research Fields and Interests
Family Demography, Adolescent development and health behaviors, and life course research



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